A natural constant is a fundamental value that is accepted by the scientific community as valid. Natural constants are used in the basic theoretical descriptions of the universe. Examples of natural physical constants important in metrology are the speed of light in a vacuum (c), the triple point of water (273.16 K), the quantum charge ratio (h/e), the gravitational constant (G), the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter (p), and the base of natural logarithms (e).


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